19 Aug, 2020
For you who like to know a little more about art and history, this text will interest you. Did you know that around the world there are countless museums, of different types? Can believe! When talking about museums, we were unable to list them, because the number of museums around the world is almost impossible to measure.
A survey by The Art Newspaper analyzed all active museums worldwide, and listed the most visited museums, the list cites about 100 museums. Europe is one of the continents with the most museums on this list, as the countries present in its territory have large museums with high numbers of visitors, such as the Louvre, in France.
Of the 100 museums listed, different institutions are described, distributed across countries and continents. Diverse cultures and stories that are told by these museums. Each museum has its own way of telling stories, even if everyone does it through exhibitions and works of art. When talking about telling a story, we couldn't help but remember Timelinefy. The digital tool makes it possible to tell stories, organizing information over time, chronologically, through the structure of timelines. Because it is digital, the tool makes this activity a dynamic and interactive experience.
Let's go back to the museums. When talking about museums, what image is built in your mind? Before we even imagine, we will try to read your mind. Perhaps the museum you have imagined is an old, closed place, with historical figures and objects and protected from degradation, is it not?
But museums are not limited to closed spaces as we imagine. Yes that's right! Many museums have a large open space, some of them still rely on the direct interaction of visitors or actions of nature to stand out and it is exactly these examples that will be presented in this article, here, we will see how museums also exist in air format free.
When we talk about museums, we automatically talk about history and art in general, since art has been part of human history, since the primitive era, when our ancestors inhabited this universe, artistic expressions are part of our history.
Art has always been expressed in various forms, in dances, sculptures, architecture, among others. These manifestations that become part of the culture of a people, the cultural identity of a society. Therefore, when we think of a country, a territory and a people, we automatically think of their culture, therefore, of their specific ways of expressing themselves artistically.
The union of symbols, objects, or artistic representations of a certain era, or even of countless ages, can be the perfect meeting for the beginning of a museum or a gallery. This is because museums are not limited to large spaces with numerous historical and valuable works. Museums are spaces that tell stories, so we can enjoy them in different formats, open air museums, museum parks, among others.
Around the world, several places are considered important scenarios for history, among these spaces there are some parks, caves, rural areas among others. These places end up becoming open-air museums, because at the same time, they are part of nature, and stand out in history.
Most museum parks are located in rural areas (fields), famous archaeological sites and primitive caves are a major highlight of open-air museums, which tell stories and express primitive art.
Unlike museological parks, there are also other types of outdoor art, the famous urban art, composed of paintings and sculptures present in the city. See more about this subject in the article, The “galleries” of urban art spread across Europe.
Not only in archaeological parks, as mentioned earlier, history and especially art can be manifested in different forms, as museums integrate history and art with the nature of the parks.
This does not mean that parks are limited to places that mix nature with art. Some parks do not have much green and were planned and composed by urban art, therefore, we must pay attention and understand that parks are not only those in which we will find art in connection with nature, in some exceptions it is possible to find fictional parks and planned, designed for artistic and historical purposes.
Urban art, as already mentioned, is the art developed on the street, also known as street art. In fact, one of the goals of street art is to make art accessible to everyone, making it possible that, in addition to museums, theaters, and cinemas, art can be seen anywhere and by anyone (popular art). For that, nothing better than the streets, the public spaces. Urban art can also aim to express social, political, cultural criticism, or simply to express some feeling or thought.
Another type of artistic expression very present in the cities are the living statues. Yes! Living statues make up urban art, as they are located in the urban area, but mainly, because they are not limited to painting or the exposed plastic arts. Living statues are examples of independent artistic performances in which a person dresses and paints himself completely so that he looks identical to a statue.
This type of urban art requires a very specific skill, since the living statues remain in the same position for a long time, and sometimes move as a form of mimicry to interact with the public.
Discover 4 incredible open air museums
Up to the present moment, in this article, we have been able to perceive the importance of open air museums, that is, the appreciation of outdoor art, not limited to closed spaces and large museums. However, in order to better illustrate these spaces in our minds, we must use and mention some examples.
Château La Coste - France
France stands out when it comes to art. There are different types of museums in the country and different ways of exhibiting art in general. Our first example will be Château La Coste.
When visiting the Château museum, in addition to art it is possible to appreciate the landscape of Provence, taste red, white and rosé wines produced on the 125 hectares of the château, see sculptures and installations by Louise Bourgeois, Jean Prouvé, Tunga, Franz West, Hiroshi Sugimoto and visit buildings signed by Jean Nouvel, responsible for the winery, Tadao Ando, who signs the main museum, and Frank Gehry, who designed the music pavilion.
Yorkshire Sculpture Park - England
Opened in 1977, the Yorkshire Sculpture Park is the European museum-park that receives the most experimental and contemporary works. Yorkshire Sculpture Park (YSP) is the main international center for modern and contemporary sculpture and celebrated its 40th anniversary in 2017. It is an independent institution and a registered museum, located on the 18th century property of Bretton Hall in West Yorkshire. Founded by executive director Peter Murray, YSP was the UK's first sculpture park and the largest of its kind in Europe.
Sintra Park Montes da Lua - Portugal
The Sintra Montes da Lua Park is one of the best known spaces in Portugal, because in addition to being considered a museum, the Sintra Park is also a company of exclusively public capital, created in 2000, following the UNESCO classification of Cultural Landscape of Sintra as a World Heritage Site (1995).
The Park brings together institutions with responsibility for enhancing the Cultural Landscape of Sintra and has castles, convents and numerous green landscapes that put the visitor in contact with nature.
Louisiana Museum of Modern Art - Denmark
On the border between Denmark and Sweden is the Louisiana Museum of Modern Art, with a collection of more than 3,000 works by artists such as Henry Moore, Joan Miró, Yves Klein, Rauschenberg and Giacometti, among others. Although modern art predominates in the collection, there are also temporary exhibitions of contemporary art, which are organized into performances.
The museum located in Denmark not only produces art, but also documents this type of work, producing films about art and culture, publishing books, magazines, among other products.
From this article, you were able to identify that museums are not limited to just closed and old places. Some museums are connected with nature or recent landscapes, so it is very important that you get to know or seek to know a little more about such important spaces.
However, before you want to know a little more about the history of each one or even visit them, research a little about how the times of each museum and the sanitary conditions of each country are going, due to the pandemic of COVID-19, in the world .
To help you, access one of our timelines, prepared exactly so that you can follow the impacts of the pandemic on the art market. Are you curious? Access here: “Museums and COVID-19”.